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Millikin University - Decatur, IL
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Flu

 

A viral infection associated with a fever as high as 104 degrees, generalized muscle aches, cough, chills, sore throat, weakness and/or fatigue and headache.

 
Treatment

·         Rest

·         Drink fluids (average 8oz. per hour during the awake hours). Fluids such as juice, Sprite or 7-Up, and Gatorade are encouraged.  Avoid drinking only caffeinated beverages such soda, coffee, tea, or energy drinks. 

·         Tylenol or Advil (Ibuprofen-take with food) 2 tablets every 4-6 hours for fever and/or pain/aches.

 


Fever

 

DO NOT TAKE ASPIRIN FOR A FEVER as serious complications may arise such as Reye’s Syndrome.  This syndrome occurs in children and young adults, and can result in liver failure or brain injury.

 
Treatment

·         Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

·         Cool, tepid showers (not cold or hot).

·         Don’t bundle up-this keeps your core body temperature up.

·         Rest

·         Fluids

·         If no improvement after 24-48 hours or temperature increases, seek medical advice. In some cases, a fever is beneficial in helping your body rid itself of a virus.

 


Colds


Treatment

·         Drink lots of fluids to loosen secretions-hot ones to soothe the throat.

·         Gargling with warm salt water can help reduce swelling in the throat.

·         Inhale warm, moist air – humidifier or a facial steamer.

·         Get plenty of rest

·         DON’T SMOKE - smoking thickens your secretions.


Medication

·         Tylenol or other acetaminophen products for aches/pains or fever.

·         Decongestants such as Pseudophedrine (Sudafed) for congestion.

·         Antihistamines such as Benadryl or ChlorTrimeton for a runny or drippy nose.

·         Cough syrup for coughs like Robitussin DM. (ASTHMATICS SHOULD NOT TAKE UNLESS ADVISED BY A PHYSICIAN)


Recovery
If your cold does not clear up in 3 days, or if you have the following symptoms seek medical attention.

 

·         Chronic fatigue

·         Red/raw throat

·         Fever greater than 100.5 degrees F. for longer than two days

·         Cough with production of YELLOW OR GREEN mucus

·         YELLOW, GREEN OR BLOODY nasal drainage

·         Pain or tenderness around eyes

·         Painful swelling of the neck glands

·         Painful breathing, wheezing or shortness of breath

 
Helpful Hints

·         Finishing the complete course of medication is important; even if you start feeling better you need to take the entire antibiotic.

·         Good hand washing is the easiest and best way to prevent the spread of germs.

·         Throat cultures are not taken until you’ve had a sore throat for 24 hours—if it does turn out negative but symptoms persist after 2-3 days be rechecked. A culture is not valid if you have already started taking an antibiotic.

 


Nausea / Vomiting

 

Seek medical advice if vomiting persists for more than 24 hours. If you are vomiting blood, go to the emergency department.


Treatment

·         Nausea: intake only small amounts of clear liquid fluids, crackers or dry toast.

·         Vomiting: Nothing to eat/drink until your vomiting has stopped for at least 4 hours. It is best to give your stomach a rest.

 
How to advance your diet once vomiting has stopped:

·         For the first 1 – 2 hours: sips of water, ice chips or popsicles are recommended.

·         First 24 hours: Gradually increase your fluid intake. Remain on clear liquids such as 7-up, tea, broth, jello, sports drinks (any liquid you can see through). NO MILK PRODUCTS

·         Second 24 hours: Add easily digested foods such as: bananas, rice, applesauce or toast. NO MILK PRODUCTS 

·         Third 24 hours: Regular diet, although avoid greasy or spicy foods until day 4.

 


Diarrhea


During acute phases of diarrhea, stress to the digestive system should be minimized. Seek medical advice if diarrhea persists.


Treatment

·         Eat 5-6 small meals a day, using foods from the following lists. The diet may be used for 2-3 days only, as it is nutritionally inadequate.

·         Day 1: Bananas, applesauce, boiled skim milk (cooled or warm), cooked refined cereal, cooked rice, eggs (not fried), tea (no sugar).

·         Day 2 & 3: Can add the following; mashed potatoes, chicken or other tender lean meats, mild cooked vegetables, and canned or cooked fruits. AVOID fried, fatty or raw foods and/or sweets and desserts.

·         Day 4: Resume normal diet

 
 
Millikin University - Decatur, IL
 
Millikin University - Decatur, IL
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