Campus Security Act
In 1990, Congress passed the Students Right to Know and Campus Security Act. The Act was most recently amended in2008. The Act requires colleges and universities to report annually the number of designated crimes that occur on or contiguous to campus. The designated crimes and their definitions are:
- Murder: The willful killing of one human being by another.
- Forcible Sex Offenses: Any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly or against that person’s will. Includes forcible rape, forcible sodomy, sexual assault with an object, and forcible fondling.
- Non-Forcible Sex Offenses: Unlawful, non-forcible sexual intercourse. Includes incest and statutory rape.
- Robbery: The taking, or attempted taking, of anything of value from one person by another, in which the offender uses force or the threat of violence.
- Aggravated Assault: An attack by one person upon another, in which the offender uses or displays a weapon in a threatening manner or the victim, suffers severe injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness.
- Burglary: The unlawful entry into a building or other structure with the intent to commit a felony or a theft.
- Motor-Vehicle Theft: The theft of a motor vehicle, including automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, and mopeds.
- Liquor-Law Violations: The violation of laws prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, or use of alcoholic beverages. Does not include driving under the influence or drunkenness violations.
- Drug-Law Violations: The violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution, and/or use of certain controlled substances and the equipment needed to produce or use them.
- Weapons-Law Violations: The violation of laws prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, knives, explosives, or other deadly weapons.
- Manslaughter: The killing of another person through negligence.
- Arson: To unlawfully and intentionally damage, or attempt to damage, any real or personal property by fire or incendiary device.
- Hate Crimes: All the above and including intimidation, simple assault, and criminal damage to property
The Act also requires institutions to report the number of people referred for student conduct action for liquor, drug, and weapons law violations.