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Biology: Websites 

Annotated Web links, academically oriented and other, on the subject of Biology and related areas.



Anatomy | Biographical | Bioethics | Botany | Climate Change | Ecology | Education | Evolution | General | Genetics | Invasive Species | Zoology


Anatomy

Anatomy Videos (Medline Plus) Approximately 80 videos that "show the anatomy of body parts and organ systems and how diseases and conditions affect them." Examples include: allergies, blood clotting, cataract, glaucoma, heartburn, kidney stones, liposuction, ovulation, Parkinson's disease, snoring, and vaccines.

Atlas of the Body From the American Medical Association, illustrated introductory overviews of human anatomy.

Human Anatomy Online Java enhanced site that allows the user to view various systems of the human body, including skeletal, nervous, digestive, muscular, lymphatic, etc. The site does include advertising.

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Biographical

The Aldo Leopold Archives The archives of the famous 20th century conservationist and author of A Sand County Almanac, Aldo Leopold (from the University of Wisconsin).

The Alfred Russel Wallace Page
Includes a chronology, bibliography, and primary sources such as quotes, texts of Wallace interviews, and the full text of much of Wallace's writings.

The Darwin Correspondence Project
"On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 6000 of Darwin's letters, and find information on 9000 more." Includes the "transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1867."

Linus Pauling and the Race for DNA
"Utilizing over 800 scanned documents, photographs, audio clips and video excerpts, this website narrates the breathless details of the pursuit of the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. Scattered throughout the project are images of a number of very important and extremely rare items, all of which are held within The Valley Library's Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, and many of which have not been previously displayed. Also featured are two original documents hitherto unknown to scholars interested in this period."

The Rosalind Franklin Papers (Profiles in Science)
A collaborative project between the National Library of Medicine and the Churchill Archives Centre in Cambridge, England that digitized a selection of the papers of DNA pioneer Rosalind Franklin.

Bioethics

Bioethics.net Current bioethics news, a bioethics blog, and bioethics research guides. The site also includes current and past table of contents of the American Journal of Bioethics, though only some articles are freely accessible.

Penn Center for Bioethics The site describes the current projects at the Center, including links to project blogs, bibliographies of articles and books, and links to presentations and testimony.

Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues The Commission exists to advise "the president of ethical issues related to advances in biomedical science and technolocy." The site includes links to articles, reports of the Commission, and transcripts of Commission sessions on various bioethics topics such as genetic enhancement, life extension, bioethics in literature, cloning, choosing the sex of children, nanotechnology, organ transplantation, etc.

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Botany

Bioversity "Bioversity is the world's largest international research organization dedicated solely to the conservation and use of agricultural biodiversity." Includes news and events, information about the agricultural biodiversity in different world regions and plant and animal groups, overviews of different areas of biodiversity research, information on the organization's publications, and links to assorted databases (such as the Species Compendium Database and New World Fruit Database).

eFloras.org: "This virtual library of online floras offers resources from leading international institutions of botanical research, including the monumental Flora of China and the Flora of North America" (from Choice reviews).

eNature Field Guides Search or browse more than 5500 plants and animals.

FAO Forestry Department Information on the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Forestry Department. Current news, studies and publications (viewable in HTML or PDF), and country information relating to the "effective conservation, sustainable management, and efficient ultilization of forest and related resources."

Forest Biology and Dendrology Educational Sites at Virginia Tech Includes: Fact Sheets for Tree Identification (apprx. 875 trees commonly found in the U.S. with color pictures), ID It (a tree identification tool using leaves and twigs), and links to other forest biology sites.

Hypomyces Developed by the Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory (of the Agricultural Research Service of the USDA), "this site provides an interactive key, images, descriptions, distributions and nomenclature for the genus Hypomyces.

Information Systems for Biotechnology "ISB provides information resources to support the environmentally responsible use of agricultural biotechnology products."  Includes documents and searchable databases "pertaining to the development, testing, and regulatory review of genetically engineered plants, animals, microorganisms."

NewCROP "An information-rich site related to crop plants," NewCROP's data on various crops can be accessed via an alphabetical index of genus and common names, or a keyword search function. The site also contains an interactive map of the U.S.that provides crop information at the county level, useful presentations and websites from Purdue faculty and students, a bibliography of crop reference materials (some accessible online), a directory of crop experts, a guide to aromatic and medicinal plants, and more.

ARKive: Images of Life on Earth A collection of videos, images, and fact-files on Earth's animal and plant species.

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Climate Change

CDIAC (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) The website of "the primary climate-change data and information and analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy." Data "includes records of the atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active gases; long-term climate trends;" etc.

United States Global Change Research Program Datasets, data policies, publications, news, research, frequently asked questions about climate change from eight U.S. agencies (DOD, DOC, DOE, DOI, EPA, NSF, NASA, and USDA). 

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Information on MIT's Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), and reports, congressional testimony, and technical notes on climate change issues. Journal articles are listed, but not freely accessible.

U.S. Global Change Research Information Office Information on environmental research affecting food, ecosystems, human health, and water resoruces. Includes electronic editions of Our Changing Planet, an annual report by the National Science & Technology Council. Searchable.

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Ecology

National Wildlife Health Center Dedicated to providing information about the impact of disease on wildlife and ecosystem health. For example, information is provided on diseases such as avian influenza, chronic wasting disease, west Nile virus, and white-nose syndrome.

SeaWeb This site provides expert written reports and shorter briefings on issues relating to ocean conservation.

Education

Beyond Bio 101: The Transformation of Undergraduate Biology Online edition of report by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Describes how science education is changing on college campuses. Directed at biology faculty and other science educators at colleges and universities. Features information on undergraduate programs, curricula, testing, the electronic laboratory, and scholarly research. Brief case histories from many named institutions.

National Academy of Sciences For different disciplines (education, agriculture, life sciences, medicine and health, physical sciences and math) contains information about and links to online publications, educational standards, program units, news, books in print. The site also contains information about career and educational opportunities.

ARKive Education A free multimedia resources for teachers and educators. "Ready to use audio-visual modules on a wide range of science and environmental based topics."

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Evolution

The Alfred Russel Wallace Page Includes a chronology, bibliography, and primary sources such as quotes, texts of Wallace interviews, and the full text of much of Wallace's writings. 

The Darwin Correspondence Project "On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 6000 of Darwin's letters, and find information on 9000 more." Includes the "transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1867."

Evolution from PBS "A comprehensive learning resource about evolutionary science for teachers, students and the general public." This site works best in conjunction with the PBS program Evolution, available from Staley Library on dvd.

Evolution Resources from the National Academies "This site from the National Academies of Science and Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council showcases their books, reports, articles, etc., about evolution as well as special events concerning evolution" (from Choice Reviews).

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Genetics

DNA Interactive Divided into 6 main sections: 1) Timeline- charts the history of DNA science, 2) Code- information about the structure, replication and control of DNA, 3) Manipulation- how scientists have altered DNA, and the surrounding controversies, 4) Genome- how genes are identifies, 5) Applications- the uses of DNA science, and 6) Chronicle- the history of the eugenics movement.

Genome News Network Published by the J. Craig Venter Institute, "the Genome News Network (GNN) produces a lively and trusted online magazine that covers important developments in genomics research around the world. Our news coverage focuses on stories about genomics and human medicine, as well as the ways in which scientists are using genomics to find biological solutions to energy needs and environmental problems."

Human Genome Project A site covering the history and the ethical, legal, and social issues surround the Human Genome Project. Includes a research archives and landmark papers and is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science and hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Linus Pauling and the Race for DNA "Utilizing over 800 scanned documents, photographs, audio clips and video excerpts, this website narrates the breathless details of the pursuit of the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. Scattered throughout the project are images of a number of very important and extremely rare items, all of which are held within The Valley Library's Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, and many of which have not been previously displayed. Also featured are two original documents hitherto unknown to scholars interested in this period."

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Invasive Species

Global Invasive Species Database "The Global Invasive Species Database focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world." Searchable by species name, country, habitat and organism type. Information includes: description, habitat, impacts, uses, geographical range, invasion pathways to new locations, management information, nutrition, reproduction, lifecycle stages, and bibliography.

Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) Facts about the problem and management of invasive species.

Invasivespecies.gov From the National Invasive Species Council, this site contains profiles of invasive species in the United States, Federal government law and regulations for dealing with them, and links to other educational resources about invasive species.

Invasive Species Primarily an image database of invasive species, it also offers detailed descriptions of the species and their ecological consequences.

National Invasion Species Information Center "A gateway to invasive species information; covering federal, state, local, and international sources." Information on the laws and regulations and economic impacts of invasive aquatic species, plants, animals, and microbes.

TNC Global Invasive Species Team From the Nature Conservancy, includes basic information on the invasive species problem and control methods, links to strategic planning resources, an image archive, red alerts, global resources, news, and links to other useful sites.

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Zoology

Animal Info: Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Mammals This site includes a list of the world's rarest mammals, indexes of rare, threatened, and endangered mammals by species, common name, and taxonomically-related group, and country. Each animal profile includes information on habitat, appearance, distribution, diet, behavior, social organization, reproduction, its current IUCN status, current threats, and references. Most include pictures or links to pictures on other sites. Also included are a glossary of terms and links to other sites.

ARKive: Images of Life on Earth A collection of videos, images, and fact-files on Earth's animal and plant species.

eNature Field Guides Search or browse more than 5500 plants and animals.

Internet Bird Collection The IBC aims to inform the public about the world's bird species through a mixture of written and audiovisual material. Upload your own photos or videos of birds.

Longevity Records: Lifespans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish A searchable database with information on the longest lifespan recorded for more than 3000 species.

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General

Encyclopedia of Earth A free online reference work covering the "Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society."  Articles (written in non-technical language) are expert-reviewed and written by "scholars, professionals, and educators." 

National Academy Press Provides "online reading room" of full texts of more than 1,000 publications from the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, and the National Research Council. Site is divided into 20 subject areas that range from agricultural sciences to rural and urban development. Publications can be viewed in hypertext or Adobe Acrobat, or printed copies can be ordered online. Searchable by keyword and subject terms.

Nature Online Video Streaming Archive Free educational videos on topics ranging from ancient tsunamis to biology for gamers. Available in both high and low resolution, but the Flash browser plugin is needed for viewing.

L.L.Bean: Includes schedules of L.L.Bean's "Outdoor Discovery Program" workshops, and the "Park Search" guide to state and national parks, national forests and wild life refuges, and Bureau of Land Management lands.

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